Call us now! +421 2 54 630314   support@dhdeurope.com

Arabinoxylan rice bran (MGN-3/Biobran) enhances natural killer cell — mediated cytotoxicity against neuroblastoma in vitro and in vivo

  • Anton Pérez-Martínez, Jaime Valentín, Lucía Fernández, Enrique Hernández-Jiménez, Eduardo López—Collazo, Petra Zerbes, Ellen Schworer, Fernando Nuňéz, Inmaculada Génesis Martín, Hannah Sallis, Miguel Ángel Díaz, Rupert Handgretinger & Matthias Manuel Pfeiffer
  • 2015

Background aims. Natural killer cell (NK) cytotoxic activity plays a major role in natural immunologic defences against malignancies. NK cells are emerging as a tool for adoptive cancer immunotherapies. Arabinoxylan rice bran (MGN-3/Biobran) has been described as a biological response modifier that can enhance the cytotoxic activity of NK cells. This study evaluated the effect of MGN-3/Biobran on NK cell activation, expansion and cytotoxicity against neuroblastoma cells. Methods. NK cells were enriched with magnetic beads and stimulated with MGN-3/Biobran. NK cell activation was evaluated via analysis of their phenotype, and their expansion capability was tracked. The in vitro cytotoxic ability of the activated NK cells was tested against K562, Jurkat, A673, NB1691, A-204, RD and RH-30 cell lines and the in vivo cytotoxic ability against the NB1691 cell line. Results. MGN-3/Biobran stimulation of NK cells induced a higher expression of the activationassociated receptors CD25 and CD69 than in unstimulated cells (P < 0.05). The expression of NKG2D, DNAM, NCRs and TLRs remained unchanged. Overnight MGN-3/Biobran stimulation increased NK cell cytotoxic activity against all cell lines tested in vitro and decelerated neuroblastoma growth in vivo. The mechanism is not mediated by lipopolysaccharide contamination in MGN-3/Biobran. Furthermore, the addition of MGN-3/Biobran promoted NK cell expansion and decreased T cells in vitro. Conclusions. Our data show that MGN-3/Biobran upregulates NK cell activation markers, stimulates NK cell cytotoxic activity against neuroblastoma in vitro and in vivo and selectively augments the expansion of NK cells. These results may be useful for future NK cell therapeutic strategies of the treatment of neuroblastoma.

Subscribe to Our Newsletter
Be Updated on latest research!

We use cookies to improve your experience on our website. For more details see our cookie policy.

Like many other websites, we use cookies to provide enhanced functionality and track the usage of our websites with Google Analytics, and some of our third-party advertisers might use them to deliver adverts tailored to what they think you might be interested in.

What are cookies?

Cookies are small text files which can be sent to browser when you visit websites and saved to your device (computer or other device with Internet access, i.e. smartphone or tablet). Cookies are saved in the folder for files of your browser. Cookies usually contain the name of the website they come from and the date of origin. Upon your next visit the browser loads cookies again and sends these information back to the website which originally created cookies. Cookies we use do not harm your computer.

Using cookies

By using this website you give your consent to using cookies in compliance with your browser settings. If you visit our websites, acceptance of cookies is allowed in your browser, you do not change your browser settings and continue visiting our websites we consider it as accepting our conditions for using cookies.

Why are we using cookies?

Cookies are used to optimally create and constantly improve the quality of our services, adjust them to your interests and needs and improve their structure and contents. We do not use data obtained by using cookies to contact users by mail, e-mail or telephone.

How to change settings of cookies?

Majority of browsers have been originally set to automatically accept cookies. This settings can be changed by blocking cookies or by a notification in case cookies are to be sent to your device. Instructions for changing cookies are available in the option “Help” of every browser. If you use different devices to access websites (e.g. computer, smartphone, tablet), we recommend you to adjust every browser on each of them to your preferences regarding cookies.

Why to keep settings of cookies?

Using cookies and permitting cookies in your browser is your decision. However, in case you change settings of cookies, functionality of some of our websites can be limited and their user comfort reduced.